Journal of Pathology Informatics Journal of Pathology Informatics
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35

Computerized provider order entry in the clinical laboratory


Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Bigelow 510, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02144, USA

Correspondence Address:
Anand S Dighe
Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Bigelow 510, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02144
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2153-3539.83740

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Clinicians have traditionally ordered laboratory tests using paper-based orders and requisitions. However, paper orders are becoming increasingly incompatible with the complexities, challenges, and resource constraints of our modern healthcare systems and are being replaced by electronic order entry systems. Electronic systems that allow direct provider input of diagnostic testing or medication orders into a computer system are known as Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) systems. Adoption of laboratory CPOE systems may offer institutions many benefits, including reduced test turnaround time, improved test utilization, and better adherence to practice guidelines. In this review, we outline the functionality of various CPOE implementations, review the reported benefits, and discuss strategies for using CPOE to improve the test ordering process. Further, we discuss barriers to the implementation of CPOE systems that have prevented their more widespread adoption.


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