Journal of Pathology Informatics Journal of Pathology Informatics
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29

Experience with CellaVision DM96 for peripheral blood differentials in a large multi-center academic hospital system


Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Lydia Contis
Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2153-3539.100154

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Context and Aims: Rapid, accurate peripheral blood differentials are essential to maintain standards of patient care. CellaVision DM96 (CellaVision AB, Lund, Sweden) (CV) is an automated digital morphology and informatics system used to locate, pre-classify, store and transmit images of platelets, red and white blood cells to a trained technologist who confirms or edits CV cell classification. We assessed our experience with CV by evaluating sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for CV in three different patient populations. Materials and Methods: We analyzed classification accuracy of CV for white blood cells, erythroblasts, platelets and artefacts over six months for three different university hospitals using CV. Results: CV classified 211,218 events for the adult cancer center; 51,699 events for the adult general hospital; and 8,009 events for the children's hospital with accuracy of CV being 93%, 87.3% and 95.4% respectively. Sensitivity and positive predictive value were <80% for immature granulocytes (band neutrophil, promyelocyte, myelocyte and metamyelocytes) (differences usually within one stage of maturation). Cell types comprising a lower frequency of the total events, including blasts, showed lower accuracy at some sites. Conclusions: The reduced immature granulocyte classification accuracy may be due in part to the subjectivity in classification of these cells, length of experience with the system and individual expertise of the technologist. Cells with low sensitivity and positive predictive value comprised a minority of the cells and should not significantly affect the technologist re-classification time. CV serves as a clinically useful instrument in performance of peripheral blood differentials.


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