Journal of Pathology Informatics

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-

Privacy and security of patient data in the pathology laboratory


Ioan C Cucoranu1, Anil V Parwani1, Andrew J West2, Gonzalo Romero-Lauro2, Kevin Nauman2, Alexis B Carter3, Ulysses J Balis4, Mark J Tuthill5, Liron Pantanowitz1 
1 Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
2 Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Information Services Division, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
3 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Biomedical Informatics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
4 Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
5 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Division of Pathology Informatics, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ioan C Cucoranu
Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA
USA

Data protection and security are critical components of routine pathology practice because laboratories are legally required to securely store and transmit electronic patient data. With increasing connectivity of information systems, laboratory work-stations, and instruments themselves to the Internet, the demand to continuously protect and secure laboratory information can become a daunting task. This review addresses informatics security issues in the pathology laboratory related to passwords, biometric devices, data encryption, internet security, virtual private networks, firewalls, anti-viral software, and emergency security situations, as well as the potential impact that newer technologies such as mobile devices have on the privacy and security of electronic protected health information (ePHI). In the United States, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) govern the privacy and protection of medical information and health records. The HIPAA security standards final rule mandate administrative, physical, and technical safeguards to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and security of ePHI. Importantly, security failures often lead to privacy breaches, invoking the HIPAA privacy rule as well. Therefore, this review also highlights key aspects of HIPAA and its impact on the pathology laboratory in the United States.


How to cite this article:
Cucoranu IC, Parwani AV, West AJ, Romero-Lauro G, Nauman K, Carter AB, Balis UJ, Tuthill MJ, Pantanowitz L. Privacy and security of patient data in the pathology laboratory.J Pathol Inform 2013;4:4-4


How to cite this URL:
Cucoranu IC, Parwani AV, West AJ, Romero-Lauro G, Nauman K, Carter AB, Balis UJ, Tuthill MJ, Pantanowitz L. Privacy and security of patient data in the pathology laboratory. J Pathol Inform [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Dec 14 ];4:4-4
Available from: http://www.jpathinformatics.org/article.asp?issn=2153-3539;year=2013;volume=4;issue=1;spage=4;epage=4;aulast=Cucoranu;type=0