Journal of Pathology Informatics Journal of Pathology Informatics
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12

Mitosis detection using generic features and an ensemble of cascade adaboosts

Department of Computer Engineering, Isik University, Sile, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
F Boray Tek
Department of Computer Engineering, Isik University, Sile, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2153-3539.112697

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Context: Mitosis count is one of the factors that pathologists use to assess the risk of metastasis and survival of the patients, which are affected by the breast cancer. Aims: We investigate an application of a set of generic features and an ensemble of cascade adaboosts to the automated mitosis detection. Calculation of the features rely minimally on object-level descriptions and thus require minimal segmentation. Materials and Methods: The proposed work was developed and tested on International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR) 2012 mitosis detection contest data. Statistical Analysis Used: We plotted receiver operating characteristics curves of true positive versus false positive rates; calculated recall, precision, F-measure, and region overlap ratio measures. Results: We tested our features with two different classifier configurations: 1) An ensemble of single adaboosts, 2) an ensemble of cascade adaboosts. On the ICPR 2012 mitosis detection contest evaluation, the cascade ensemble scored 54, 62.7, and 58, whereas the non-cascade version scored 68, 28.1, and 39.7 for the recall, precision, and F-measure measures, respectively. Mostly used features in the adaboost classifier rules were a shape-based feature, which counted granularity and a color-based feature, which relied on Red, Green, and Blue channel statistics. Conclusions: The features, which express the granular structure and color variations, are found useful for mitosis detection. The ensemble of adaboosts performs better than the individual adaboost classifiers. Moreover, the ensemble of cascaded adaboosts was better than the ensemble of single adaboosts for mitosis detection.

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