Journal of Pathology Informatics Journal of Pathology Informatics
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3

Precise identification of cell and tissue features important for histopathologic diagnosis by a whole slide imaging system

1 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA
2 Pacific Rim Pathology, San Diego, CA, USA
3 Intermountain Central Laboratory, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
4 Scripps Health, La Jolla, CA, USA
5 Beckman Coulter, Inc., Miami, FL, USA
6 Leica Biosystems, Inc., Danvers, MA, USA
7 Leica Biosystems Imaging, Inc., Vista, CA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Thomas W Bauer
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpi.jpi_47_19

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Background: Previous studies have demonstrated the noninferiority of pathologists' interpretation of whole slide images (WSIs) compared to microscopic slides in diagnostic surgical pathology; however, to our knowledge, no published studies have tested analytical precision of an entire WSI system. Methods: In this study, five pathologists at three locations tested intra-system, inter-system/site, and intra- and inter-pathologist precision of the Aperio AT2 DX System (Leica Biosystems, Vista, CA, USA). Sixty-nine microscopic slides containing 23 different morphologic features suggested by the Digital Pathology Association as important to diagnostic pathology were identified and scanned. Each of 202 unique fields of view (FOVs) had 1–3 defined morphologic features, and each feature was represented in three different tissues. For intra-system precision, each site scanned 23 slides at three different times and one pathologist interpreted all FOVs. For inter-system/site precision, all 69 slides were scanned once at each of three sites, and FOVs from each site were read by one pathologist. To test intra- and inter-pathologist precision, all 69 slides were scanned at one site, FOVs were saved in three different orientations, and the FOVs were transferred to a different site. Three different pathologists then interpreted FOVs from all 69 slides. Wildcard (unscored) slides and washout intervals were included in each study. Agreement estimates with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Results: Combined precision from all three studies, representing 606 FOVs in each of the three studies, showed overall intra-system agreement of 97.9%; inter-system/site agreement was 96%, intra-pathologist agreement was 95%, and inter-pathologist agreement was 94.2%. Conclusions: Pathologists using the Aperio AT2 DX System identified histopathological features with high precision, providing increased confidence in using WSI for primary diagnosis in surgical pathology.

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