Journal of Pathology Informatics Journal of Pathology Informatics
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13

Artificial intelligence in pathology: From prototype to product


1 Fraunhofer MEVIS, Bremen, Germany
2 Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Institute of Pathology; HTW University of Applied Sciences Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Dr. André Homeyer
Fraunhofer MEVIS, Am Fallturm 1, 28359 Bremen
Germany
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpi.jpi_84_20

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Modern image analysis techniques based on artificial intelligence (AI) have great potential to improve the quality and efficiency of diagnostic procedures in pathology and to detect novel biomarkers. Despite thousands of published research papers on applications of AI in pathology, hardly any research implementations have matured into commercial products for routine use. Bringing an AI solution for pathology to market poses significant technological, business, and regulatory challenges. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview and advice on how to meet these challenges. We outline how research prototypes can be turned into a product-ready state and integrated into the IT infrastructure of clinical laboratories. We also discuss business models for profitable AI solutions and reimbursement options for computer assistance in pathology. Moreover, we explain how to obtain regulatory approval so that AI solutions can be launched as in vitro diagnostic medical devices. Thus, this paper offers computer scientists, software companies, and pathologists a road map for transforming prototypes of AI solutions into commercial products.


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