Journal of Pathology Informatics

TECHNICAL NOTE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-

TissueCypher: A systems biology approach to anatomic pathology


Jeffrey W Prichard1, Jon M Davison2, Bruce B Campbell3, Kathleen A Repa3, Lia M Reese3, Xuan M Nguyen3, Jinhong Li1, Tyler Foxwell2, Lansing D Taylor4, Rebecca J Critchley-Thorne3 
1 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA 17822, USA
2 Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
3 Cernostics, Inc., 235 William Pitt Way, Pittsburgh, PA 15238, USA
4 Department of Computational and Systems Biology, Drug Discovery Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA

Correspondence Address:
Rebecca J Critchley-Thorne
Cernostics, Inc., 235 William Pitt Way, Pittsburgh, PA 15238
USA

Background: Current histologic methods for diagnosis are limited by intra- and inter-observer variability. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) methods are frequently used to assess biomarkers to aid diagnoses, however, IHC staining is variable and nonlinear and the manual interpretation is subjective. Furthermore, the biomarkers assessed clinically are typically biomarkers of epithelial cell processes. Tumors and premalignant tissues are not composed only of epithelial cells but are interacting systems of multiple cell types, including various stromal cell types that are involved in cancer development. The complex network of the tissue system highlights the need for a systems biology approach to anatomic pathology, in which quantification of system processes is combined with informatics tools to produce actionable scores to aid clinical decision-making. Aims: Here, we describe a quantitative, multiplexed biomarker imaging approach termed TissueCypher™ that applies systems biology to anatomic pathology. Applications of TissueCypher™ in understanding the tissue system of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and the potential use as an adjunctive tool in the diagnosis of BE are described. Patients and Methods: The TissueCypher™ Image Analysis Platform was used to assess 14 epithelial and stromal biomarkers with known diagnostic significance in BE in a set of BE biopsies with nondysplastic BE with reactive atypia (RA, n = 22) and Barrett's with high-grade dysplasia (HGD, n = 17). Biomarker and morphology features were extracted and evaluated in the confirmed BE HGD cases versus the nondysplastic BE cases with RA. Results: Multiple image analysis features derived from epithelial and stromal biomarkers, including immune biomarkers and morphology, showed significant differences between HGD and RA. Conclusions: The assessment of epithelial cell abnormalities combined with an assessment of cellular changes in the lamina propria may serve as an adjunct to conventional pathology in the assessment of BE.


How to cite this article:
Prichard JW, Davison JM, Campbell BB, Repa KA, Reese LM, Nguyen XM, Li J, Foxwell T, Taylor LD, Critchley-Thorne RJ. TissueCypher: A systems biology approach to anatomic pathology.J Pathol Inform 2015;6:48-48


How to cite this URL:
Prichard JW, Davison JM, Campbell BB, Repa KA, Reese LM, Nguyen XM, Li J, Foxwell T, Taylor LD, Critchley-Thorne RJ. TissueCypher: A systems biology approach to anatomic pathology. J Pathol Inform [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Oct 19 ];6:48-48
Available from: https://www.jpathinformatics.org/article.asp?issn=2153-3539;year=2015;volume=6;issue=1;spage=48;epage=48;aulast=Prichard;type=0