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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 7: Value-stream map of improved process. The new process has a total time of 2-4.5 minutes with zero to minimal non-value-added time. VA indicates value-added activities; NVA: non-value-added activities; PCE: process-cycle efficiency

Figure 7: Value-stream map of improved process. The new process has a total time of 2-4.5 minutes with zero to minimal non-value-added time. VA indicates value-added activities; NVA: non-value-added activities; PCE: process-cycle efficiency